- Process Safety
- Duration : 5 days
This course will provide an introduction to the potential hazards associated with a wide range of substances. Expert advice will be given aimed at reducing potential hazards, removing risks and in the event of an incident, minimising the consequences. Information is provided covering planning and dealing with an emergency should a major incident occur. Examples from real case histories will be given along with reference to UK legislation covering aspects of work involving chemicals and other hazardous substances.
Who Should Attend:
Engineers / designers with limited knowledge of chemicals and their properties. Construction site managers / Senior site personnel with responsibility for safety Health & Safety personnel, especially those newly appointed to their position. Stores’ Superintendents. Those with the responsibility for bulk storage and its design. Production managers / supervisors / team leaders.
Participants will Learn:
- The characteristics of a wide range of hazardous substances.
- How to minimise the risk of their hazardous potential being released during normal operation and occurrences such as maintenance.
- Basic design and layout for good storage and handling procedures.
- Safe operations involving bulk storage’s, transfer and handling.
- How to deal with incidents involving the release of hazardous substances.
- Procedures for dealing with spillage’s. Safe disposal procedures for unwanted Substances.
- General introduction to potential hazards. Classification of hazardous Substances, eg acids alkalis oxidising / reducing agents, flammable materials, poisons, potential deterioration to unstable substances.
- General introduction to the potential effects of various compounds and methods by which they may affect humans.
- Management of health and safety issues. Educating, training, communication, supervising and auditing, Labels, Warning notices, Security.
- Introduction to potential health problems and their causes. Methods of reducing the risks. Monitoring and sampling routines.
- Asthma; Bronchitis; Cancer; Dermatitis; Fibrosis, Poisoning; Burns, Gassing; Poisoning.
- Hygiene & welfare. Exposure limits & sampling procedures working procedures. Personal protective equipment, its use & its care. Establishing and maintaining controls. Safe working practices.
- In addition to normal potential sources consideration is also given to processes and procedures prone to the generation of static electricity. Electrical zoning for equipment.
- The fire triangle; Potential ignition sources. Methods of control. Prevention of fire spread. Methods for reducing both the risk and consequences of an incident. Potential energetic substances. Flammable or explosive atmospheres. Dust explosions. Fire zone classification. Emergency routes.
- Storage of packaged materials. Control of stock. Segregation / minimum distances. Bulk liquid storage. Special considerations for storing flammable liquids in tanks. On-site transport procedures. Delivery transfers and dispatches procedures.
- Potential for an incident involving hazards of flammable liquid / gas tankers and terminals.
- Loss of containment. Methods for dealing with unwanted release of chemicals. Precautions to limit the consequences. Recovery methods. Preparation of procedures to deal with such incidents.
- Storage facilities. Records of hazardous substances, methods of control. Good house keeping. Inspection and auditing procedures. Routing inspections and spot checks. Frequency of safety inspection. Isolation, ventilation, safe working practices. Operating procedures. Lost-time accidents. Occupational safety training. Availability, adequacy and guidance on the use of personal protective equipment. Frequency of maintenance and renewal of protective equipment.
- The principles of safe maintenance. Risk assessments. Access to a confined space. Permit to work procedure.
- Brief introduction to techniques for identifying hazards including, Process Hazard Assessments (PHA); Hazard and Operability Study (HAZOP) Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (PMEA) Risk. Assessments both qualitative and quantitative (QRA; HAZAN), Risk criteria. Introduction to cause / fault tree analysis and event trees and consequence analysis. Environmental impact assessment. The identification of human errors. (Opportunity will be provided for simple workshop experience).
- Potential causes. Air contamination control. Cost effective pollution control and steps to improve pollution control.
- Methods of Incident Reporting, Recording and Subsequent Actions.
- Planning, Site emergency organization. The control of emergencies specific to refineries and Petrochemical Companies. The combined approach to planning, training and exercising.
- Classification, Planning, Site emergency organization, Key personnel and their role. Communications. Control of emergencies specific to refineries and Petrochemical Companies. Dealing with disaster, management response, command and control, care and treatment of disaster victims, media liaison.